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State Of Australian Cities 2013_____

State Of Australian Cities 2013

The Commonwealth Department of Infrastructure and Transport's 2013 report - State of Australian Cities 2013, just released, shows how changes in work, housing and population are affecting our major cities.

The 2013 Report builds on continuing releases from the 2011 Census, to present a more detailed picture of the evolution of our 18 largest cities and to provide a basis for decisions by investors and for all aspects of urban planning, policy and regulation.

The Report identifies the challenge of balancing population growth - which continues to occur mainly on the edges of major metropolitan areas - and employment growth, with high-paying jobs remaining concentrated in the inner city and suburban areas of the largest cities.

On a national scale, notable findings in the Report include:
  • Public transport is for the rich - those who use public transport for their journey to work tend to have higher average weekly individual incomes than those who use other transport modes, including the private car.
  • We are urbanites in a wide brown land - aside from city-states like Singapore and Monaco, Australia is the most urbanised nation on earth.
  • Our growth is world leading - Australia has one of the highest population growth rates in the OECD.
  • Bringing jobs to people is tough - the Report highlights the difficulties of employment generation in outer suburban areas, especially in 21st-century knowledge-based industries, which are increasingly agglomerating in the inner core of major cities. Most metropolitan strategies have this "bringing jobs to the people" policy as a core aim.
The Report provides valuable insights into the relative strengths and challenges facing our major cities. For example:
  • While Sydney and Melbourne are identified as "global cities" which act as gateways for the international flow of people, Sydney can claim a unique belt with a high level of participation and competitiveness in highly skilled, knowledge-intensive industries, stretching from the eastern suburbs, through the CBD and North Sydney to the North Shore and Parramatta - the "Global Economic Corridor".
  • Melbourne remains the clear leader in the international education sector, which as a whole generates $15 billion of annual export income. Melbourne's 75,000 international students in 2011 put it ahead of Sydney, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide in the number of enrolled "onshore" international students.
  • While the mining sector - and associated fly-in, fly-out work patterns - has had a dramatic impact on regional and remote areas of Australia, the benefits have also been felt in major cities. The $24 billion contribution from the mining sector to Brisbane's gross regional product (GRP) was almost equal to its GRP contribution to the remainder of Queensland.
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